Adopt an AbaY dog

Originally published 10/01/2010 (5 years ago)
But this issue is now even more urgent.

At remote Arugam Bay, a few hundred homeless dogs are waiting to be adopted by caring animal lovers. Please help to save them.

Adopt an Arugam Bay dog !

A sponsor has already been found to provided a suitable, safe  vehicle.
To take them to Colombo or elsewhere on the island.
All animals will be collected, fed, treated and transported with the outmost care & respect
All the Community needs is an address to deliver them to.
Please, animal Lovers:
Please do come forward and let us know where to send them to.
Before even more are run over by speeding and careless drivers on our new fast roads!
The Social Networks are buzzing.
With appeals and online petitions to stop a rumored animal cull.

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/stop-the-sri-lankan-government-from-killing-millions-of-stray-dogs/
We support this initiative!
But. What to do?
At Arugam Bay four costly  sterilization programs have been carried out, since the 2004 Tsunami.
In our  remote Bay residents and visitors are unsure if any success can be reported.
Many people are simply too scared to walk on the beach or indeed the road, specially at night. Due to large packs of hungry dogs around.
Below is a copy of one of the stories we covered 5 years ago.
The writer of this article has personally observed that one  particular, disabled bitch alone has had a litter every year since and produced 60 or so pups, most of which appear to be unwell or/and  mentally unstable …..
Something has to be done – This situation is out of control.

The article below was first published 6th Marc, 2007:
The Tsunami Animal People Alliance (TAPA) has, in the true sense of the word: emBarked on a dog sterilization program at Arugam Bay.
Operation Theater
Vets at work @ SVH
In total 300 – 400 dogs are being treated locally.
Arugam.info is informed that about 10,000 have been spayed island wide already.
It is said to be the best and most humane method of controlling stray and infected animals.
The visiting, all Sri Lankan team consists of 4 qualified vets and 7 assistants, a van, and a mobile clinic.
Arugam.info is informed that a budget of 18$/dog has been secured by foreign donors, most of which (10$) will be used for quality drugs and medicines.
Take a look at the work in the attached photo album.
http://picasaweb.google.com/arugamsurf/TAPAAtAbaY
Their web site is:
www.Tsunami-Animal.org.
A FaQ is posted as Comment below.

AbaY TAPA at SVH compound

15 Responses to “Adopt an AbaY dog”


  • Ms. Jackson stated that she is a young lady.
    Living and / or working in the UK at present.
    I am unsure of her contribution to my home Country.
    (Maybe she is just one of near one Million Sri Lankan economic or other refugees ?)

    Being an old gentleman. I left the last remarks to her.
    Other responses are obvious. But I’d better keep them to myself.

  • Tashii Jackson
    a few months ago I un-liked the page “Aruham Surf” because they were posting pornographic pictures of women (Not Sri Lankan women) on their page in order to “promote” Arugam Bay…………Freds comments and methods are purely made out of greed for money and nothing else – well one thing I would like to say is THIS IS OUR COUNTRY FRED _ NOT YOURS – if your not happy GET OUT – you are trying to make money by promoting our country for the wrong reasons – by trying to get rid of our values and everything that makes us a paradise Island – Read up about Buddhism and our culture –

  • Andrew Jebaraj
    Well Fred,what makes us different from us we’re doing this vounterely with dog loving other volunteers (10), so its totally volunteer driven organization. We do not take an admin fee, but spend 100% on the cause. We being only 11 months young have done 350 sterzations, 500 vaccinations, and 342 rehomings. And even the famous DEL you’ve mentioned being 4 years wouldn’t have done so much.

    Also camps being done twice is not enough, we doing for the 2nd time found 100 new dogs within the same area. What we had stopped with the 1st camp 100 dogs? and there are even more and enough for the 3rd one (targeting 300 this time)

    It’s technically and practically not possible to take away all dogs and dump somewhere, as once they go away new ones occupy the old ones places….could try to rehome the puppies. But again vaccinating them would prevent form commutable diseases….

    Only option is controling them by HUMANE method, sterlization and vaccinations.

  • Oshadie Korale
    Fred there is no point just have one or two camps, I dont know abot the organizations you have mentions, this is why WE ( Adopt a dog in Sri Lanka) do continues work in the same exact area. You can expect to see and improvement by just doin one camp.. its simple common sense ?/ they must have done it to control rabies out break not to control population. I doubt this tourist would like to see mass dog killing either ? do you think ??

  • As I type, at least one dozen crazed dogs are having one of their territory fights.
    In our garden.
    Tourists simply don’t like it.
    Nor do we now – and we are:
    DOG LOVERS, too!

  • Fred Netzband-Miller
    We see your points!
    But here we had the Americans spending more money on dogs & cats after the Tsunami than anyone spent on humans.
    Then TAPAS and EMBARK had at least two clinics -which we fully supported and gave them ALL FACILITIES for FREE at our own property:
    The result is stray dogs everywhere.
    Tourists bitten.
    Yapping all night.
    I asked, and asked ODEL.
    And posted to take some of those (obviously interbred and mentally unstable) dogs away from here:
    Dog Lovers:
    Have not adopted even ONE single Arugam bay (or PottuVille) dog!
    To our knowledge.

  • Andrew Jebaraj
    We did see a huge success and testimonials from the villages about the 1st camp when we did the 2nd camp in kataragama! The greetings and warm welcome of the villagers itself showed how happy they were and a sign of approval …

  • Oshadie Korale
    And fred, i would not remove you people have different points of veiw and i respect it, If you didnt agree with our motives you could have simply rejected the invitation your friend must have sent. We are atlest trying rather than just talking.. Its better to try. they say try try one day you can fly. and also know if you see at the case study of Kandy and Rathnapura.. sterilizations has worked miricals.

  • Oshadie Korale
    Hi Fred, We have not worked in Arugumbay before and we know for fact sterilization programs in colombo , gall has worked really well, statistics speaks for them self. So we as a team only work in Kathragama so we can reduce the population there.. We conduct sterilization programs every 3 months, and so far we see a very good improvement, so we think looking at Colombo and gall and statistics of other welfare organizations sterilization is the only HUMANE method of population control

  • This issue is now being discussed on a Facebook page, as link below.

    Fred Netzband-Miller
    Sorry that we may have an opposing view.

    But sadly we have observed all those very expensive sterilization programs carried out at remote Arugam Bay since 2004 have been a total Failure.

    Arugam Bay, cut off the main land, should be seen as a perfect case study?

    Maybe you should re-think your strategies?
    However uncomfortable and unfashionable it may be.

    https://www.facebook.com/events/227025794068067/229387330498580/?comment_id=229769607127019&ref=notif&notif_t=group_comment

  • One of the best beaches in Sri Lanka, Truly a Miracle..

  • Could you please help me with advice. I am from Australia, and recently visited Bali. I saved puppy in Bali who was hit by motorcycle and then started to visit him and his puppy brother and mother every day before my holiday in Bali finished. However, puppy’s mother had a tumor on her vagina and I was told that it is form of sexually transmited cancer that will kill her and that only what they can do for her is to give her chemotherapy. I am asked by friend in Bali to provide money for chemotherapy, so we can attempt to save mother as well. However, I am confused with the chemotherapy treatment as I do not know if that is efficient at all. I was reading so much about chemotherapy for human cancers and how only 5 types of cancers are responding to chemotherapy, and all other cancers are treated just to make money to medical center who is administer it and just making patient additionally sick but not prolonging life significantly to justify making patient so sick and poisoned with drugs during chemotherapy… Please could you please help me with advice what to do, as I was asked to please help and send money from australia for chemotherapy… I am in turmoil as I feel confused but also very sorry for mother dog. Also, I have organised for puppy to be desexed in May, before she experience heat. Thank you for helping dogs in Sri Lanka. With Kind Regards,
    LILI

  • Excellent article. I certainly love this website. Thanks!

  • New law soon: owners must register dogs with PCs
    Nadira Gunatilleke
    The Health Ministry will make arrangements to make dog owners register their dogs with Provincial Councils to control the dog population and the spread of rabies.

    “All dog owners have to register their dogs with the Provincial Council and the Provincial Council can take action against dog owners who do not follow this system,” Health Minister Maithripala Sirisena said.

    Addressing the ministry’s monthly press briefing in Colombo yesterday, Minister Sirisena said that every dog should have an owner under the new system.

    “Discussions have been conducted with organizations which protect animals’ rights. There will be a tag around every dog’s neck,” he said.

    Minister Sirisena pointed out that the total dog population in the country at the moment is around three million while there are stray dogs everywhere, including state hospitals.

    “Sometimes stray dogs bite doctors and health staff. The government spends a significant amount to treat dog bites. Around 2,000 dog bites are reported from all parts of the country daily,” he said.

    “The ministry has received Rs. 1,000 million this year to address this issue. The ministry will make arrangements to sterilize dogs. The vaccination programme will be strengthened and treatment for dog bite victims will be further improved,” Minister Sirisena added.

  • Frequently asked Questions

    TAPA the Tsunami Animal-People Alliance, (Earlier known as TMAWT) started on 29th January 2005. It started with the sponsorship and participation of HSI Asia and Yudisthira / Bali street dog foundation, Indonesia. TAPA was handed over to an all Sri Lankan team in May 2005.

    TAPA’s Aim: Dog population control and prevention of rabies in Tsunami affected areas in the country.

    TAPA tries to carry out its CNVR (Catch – Neuter – Vaccinate & Release) Program at least on 75% of the dog population in an area.

    TAPA’s method implemented to achieve a stable, healthy population of dogs that are safe for humans is ‘catch-neuter-vacinate-release’ CNVR. This method is internationally recognized and practiced in several other Asian countries.

    Chief contributors to TAPA :- (please see full list on http://www.tunami-animal.org )

    HSI (Humane Society International)
    Yudisthira / Bali street dog foundation
    WSPA (World Society of Protection of Animals)
    Animal People News
    Best Friends Animal Society USA
    Pfizer Animal Health USA
    Marchig Trust

    Total dog population in Sri Lanka:
    There is no written document or statistics on this. Yet it was assumed that the human to dog ratio in Sri Lanka is 8:1. Therefore it believed that the national dog population in Sri Lanka is around 2.5 million.

    Total number of CNVR cases completed to date: around 9000
    Areas that TAPA has been operating:
    Arugambay
    Komari
    Pottuvil
    Thirikkovil
    Panadura & Payagala
    Kirinda
    Boondala
    Hambantota
    Tangalle
    Hikkaduwa

    Out of the total CNVR number carried out:
    Percentage of male animals – 60%
    Percentage of female animals – 40%
    Percentage of owned dogs – 34%
    Percentage of stray dogs – 66%
    Percentage of puppies – 20%
    Percentage of dogs less than 2 years – 55%
    Percentage of old dogs (above 2 years) – 45%

    What are the sequence / procedure of giving anesthesia to a dog prior to the surgery?
    First a specific drug is given (Xylazine) for sedation & 10minutes later the anesthetic agent (Ketamine) is administered to achieve anaesthesia.

    What are the other medications given to a dog undergoing sterilization?
    A long acting antibiotic
    A pain killer
    Drugs to prevent skin rashers & ecto-parasites
    Vitamins
    Anti rabies vaccine – ARV
    Apart from these, other treatments are also given, depending on the clinical status of the animal e.g there is a high incidence of TVT in the dog population.

    Will the above treatments be given to the dogs that are not undergoing sterilization?

    TAPA is running a CNVR program which depends on reaching all dogs in the population and also creating healthy dogs. If a dog is deemed unfit to undergo surgery then the team will treat for other conditions depending on the circumstances.
    All dogs – owned or not will be eligible for the ARV (anti-Rabies-vaccine). Owners of dogs are encouraged to take their dog to a veterinary surgeon within the area for neutering. Where no such veterinary surgeon can be found to neuter the dog, TAPA will treat and neuter the dog.
    Note: ARV is given to all the dogs (Owned or stray), independent of undergoing sterilization.

    Why the ear is notched in dogs undergoing sterilization?
    Ear notching is TAPA’s method of identifying dogs already completed, this is a sign to the authorities and the public that these notched dogs are safe to humans. TAPA also provides red collars, but these can be lost in time. Once the dog is anaesthetised the ear is clamped and small area notched, the area is cauterized to prevent any bleeding.

    What are the steps involved in the preparation of the surgical site prior to sterilization?
    Shaving of the site.
    Cleaning the site with cotton wool soaked with soap water.
    Cleaning the site with cotton wool soaked with a solution, which is a combination of Savalon (Chlorhexidine), surgical sprit & water.
    Spraying of surgical spirit on site & leaving for 1 to 2 minutes.
    Spraying of an iodine solution (Betadine) on site.

    What is the method used to clean & sterilize surgical instruments?
    Dipping the instruments in a soap solution. Cleaning the instruments via thorough brushing.
    Washing using clean water.
    Sterilize via autoclaving.
    Note: A properly sterilized instrument set likewise, is used only for a single surgery. A freshly sterilized instrument set will be used for each & every surgery. The effectiveness of the autoclave is tested daily.

    What is the average time length required for the surgery?
    For Spaying (Females): 15 to 25 minutes.
    For Castrations (Males): 5 to 10 minutes

    How long will it take for recovery after the surgery?
    Variable. That is, depending on the age, clinical status of the animal & the functional status of the kidneys, liver & heart etc. Usually it takes around 1 to 2 hours.

    Why is it that the eyes are having a greenish color during anesthesia & recovery?
    During anesthesia, the pupil of the eye gets dilated due to the effect of the anesthesia agent. Therefore the internal greenish color (due to tapetum lucidum of the eye) can be seen clearly.

    Why do some dogs tend to vocalize during recovery?
    Major cause for this is the effect of the anesthetic agent (Ketamine).
    TAPA is a major character among the very few organizations & Personals in Sri Lanka, who practice giving pain killers to animals, this works to minimize / prevent post operative pain.

    Why apply super glue on the surgical site, after suturing?
    That is to achieve a proper sealing on dust, sand or other environmental dirt or contaminants into the surgical site.

    After catching a dog, how long will it take to complete the surgery and to achieve full recovery? (Time period required to complete the total procedure)
    Approximately 2 to 2 1/2 hours.

    Why is it important to look after the surgical site after the surgery?
    If the dog or the cat starts licking the surgery wound excessively, it might lead to suture dehesion. Entry of environmental dirt & contaminants via this, can lead to wound infection. Wound infection can cause delay in healing and affect the general health of the animal. TAPA uses the best protocols and materials to be conducive to optimum healing.

    Should the dog / cats be brought back ten days after the surgery, for suture removal?
    No. As absorbable suture materials are used, they automatically get absorbed with time. Using absorbable suture materials is very important, as majority of the dogs operated are stray / ownerless dogs.

    How to take care of the dog after the surgery? (Post operative care)
    Avoid giving food or water, forcefully to the animal until it is completely recovered. Keep some food & water near the animal, so that it can have it voluntarily when it feels like taking it.
    Avoid bathing for one week.
    Keep an eye one the surgical site for about one week.

    Do the dogs become fat / obese after performing sterilization?
    No. However hormonal changes caused by sterilization can lead to extra fat deposition in tissues, which is more common in females. This can be controlled by dietary management & proper exercise.

    Is it possible for the bitch to have litters even after sterilization?
    No. Both the ovaries and the uterus are removed during spaying. Therefore if the surgery was done properly, there is no such possibility.

    What is being done during sterilization of male animals?
    Both testicals are surgically removed.

    Can the dogs become more aggressive after sterilization?
    No significant difference can be seen after sterilisation.

    How long would you wait to perform spaying in a bitch after the delivery of puppies?
    Spaying would be done 2 weeks after delivery.
    Will it stop the milk production in a lactating bitch due to spaying?
    No.

    Will the females and the males stop roaming after performing sterilization?
    Females:
    Stop roaming after spaying. If the surgery was done during its heat period, the animal might roam for few more days & thereafter it would stop completely.

    Males:
    A small percentage of male animals that have attained sexual maturity prior to the surgery might continue roaming even after performing the surgery, but if the castration was done prior to attain sexual maturity, roaming would not occur.
    As the number of female dogs in heat will decrease in the community by spaying, ultimately the number of male dogs roaming could decline.

    Is it advisable to introduce the pups to a lactating bitch which was subjected to spaying & recently recovered from anesthesia?
    Yes.
    Low amount of the anesthetic drug can be excreted via milk. But that level is not harmful for the pups.
    As skin sutures do not expose to the exterior, the possible damage to the suture while sucking is limited.

    Do you carry out spaying in pregnant bitches as well?

    If a bitch is suspected as pregnant, that dog is not captured for the surgery. Identifying pregnant bitches by observation is possible only when the pitch is in the terminal state of pregnancy. Therefore bitches in their early or mid pregnancies can be caught and brought to the clinic. The TAPA vets examine all bitches to check for pregnancy, however sometimes pregnancies cannot be found prior to surgery. Once given anaesthesia to the bitch, its harmful for the life of the foetus’ & therefore the spaying is carried out.
    In short, the bitches that cannot be identified as pregnant by observation and examination they are spayed. This is not harmful to the female.

    It should be noted that TAPA aim to avoid spaying pregnant females.

    Is it a sin or is it humane to practice sterilization?

    The main purpose of practicing sterilizations in animals is rabies control. The earlier practiced method to achieve this target is mass killing of which was inhumane and absolutely ineffective. CNVR programme carried out by TAPA is very much humane than the previous one, and a humane method to secure & protect the society from a deadly killer disease!

    What should the minimum age of a pup to be subject to sterilization?

    8 weeks of age in both males & females. If the age is unknown / doubtful, the pup is brought to the clinic & the age is detected by the dentition & considering the individual condition.

    What are the advantages of doing sterilization (neutering)?
    To humanely manage the population of dogs, this leads to a smaller, healthy population.

    In females:
    As it stops the ability to give birth thus, the stray dog population will decrease.

    As it prevents roaming, the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (e.g.: TVT) & other diseases caused by ecto parasites….. etc will be minimized.

    In males:
    As it stops / minimizes the number of roaming/fighting dogs, dog bites and fear among the local public will decrease. The spread of sexually transmitted diseases (eg : TVT) & other diseases caused by ecto-parasites….etc will be minimized.

    Can you reduce the stray dog population by castrating male dogs?
    Yes.
    Both female & male dogs equally contribute (50% each) to produce a litter. Therefore the male dogs are equally important.

    What is the importance of giving the anti rabies vaccine ?

    It immunizes the animal against rabies. Due to this immunity, the dog will not get, rabies, even get exposed to the virus.

    What is the vaccination schedule for ARV?

    The 1st vaccination should be done when the pup is 3 months of age, if the mother is vaccinated within one year.

    But if the mother is not vaccinated against rabies / history of the pup is unknown (Stray pup), the 1st ARV should be given at 06 weeks of age, followed by a 2nd dose when 3 months old.

    Thereafter should vaccinate annually.

    Why is it essential to give ARV annually? Isn’t it sufficient to give just once?
    The immunity or the protection formed by a single dose of vaccination will decline with the time. When the immunity drops, the ability of the body to fight against the disease will also get declined. To avoid this drop in immunity it is essential to boost the immune system via annual vaccinations.

    What is the difference between Anti Rabies vaccine & sterilization?
    ARV is given to protect the animal against rabies.

    Sterilization is done to prevent births of unnecessary pups & thereby to reduce the stray dog population. Both should be practiced at the same time to control rabies effectively.

    How do you conclude that you have covered 75% of the dog population in an area under the CNVR Program?

    There are no statistics on dog population in different areas. Therefore we use a visual count of cases which is done as follows:

    The CNVR dogs can be identified by the red collar that we apply to them & by the ear notch. Therefore, when we are traveling within the area, if ear is notched(reliable method) & the red collar is applied(less reliable)in 7-8 dogs out of ten, we roughly assume that we have covered around 75% of the dog population within the area.

    Can’t you use the specific injectable used for contraception in dogs (Depo-Provera) instead of practicing sterilization?
    To achieve the expected results, this should be administered at the appropriate time/a specific time of the bitch’s sexual cycle. Therefore prior to administer, you should study the sexual cycle of each & every bitch, which is not practical in many environments.

    The drug should be given once in every 6 months to get the appropriate result. The TAPA CNVR program means you catch the dog once for CNVR and then once a year after – catching every six months is not practical.

    Also if a higher dose is administered or several numbers of doses are administered (even with 6 month intervals), it can lead to pathological conditions in the uterus, such as pyometra. Therefore Depo-Provera injection is not a successful method & does not provide a permanent Solution.

    What is Pyometra?
    It’s a pathological condition in the uterus, which is due to accumulation of pus within the uterus. It can even lead to death of the animal, if kept untreated for a long time.
    Whats the cause of pyometra?
    Administration of the contraceptive drug – Depo-Provera is the major cause. Apart from that, hormonal imbalances (In sex hormones) also accounts.

    What is TVT?
    Transmissible Venereal Tumor, which is a sexually transmitted disease between dogs. It causes tumours in the genitals of the dog, both males and females are affected.

    To where would you release the stray dogs after completing the CNVR procedure? Is there is a way of identifying those dogs during your procedure?
    Once a dog is caught into net, a number is given to that dog. A plastic tag containing that number is attached to the net. A Description about the place from where the dog is caught is recorded along with dog’s tag / identification number.
    The dog is brought to the clinic & CNVR is carried out. Throughout this procedure, the dog is identified by the same tag number. After the surgery, the tag number is written on the red color that’s applied onto the neck & also on the skin of the dog using a permanent marker to read the tag number of the dog from a distance.
    After the dog is fully recovered, it is taken back to the same place where it was caught and then released.
    Therefore all the dogs are released back to the exact same place where they have been caught.

    What are the other common disease conditions that can be seen in dogs brought for CNVR procedure?

    Pyometra
    TVT
    Skin rashes
    Tumors & cancers
    Eye defects & other conditions of the eye
    Wounds, abscesses. Etc..
    Leg injuries and other traumatic injuries

    What are the follow-up results of CNVR cases? How would you know the wound is healing properly after the surgery?
    TAPA has done a research (Study on follow-ups) using 100 dogs which included both stray and owned dogs. The Condition of the surgical wound and the general status of each and every animal was assessed for 07 consecutive days after the surgery.
    Results of the overall study showed that 96% of dogs healed with no complication. 4% of dogs did need some further treatment, due to minor swelling or wound redness. TAPA is always responsible to each individual they treat and following up is daily, especially as the team live in the communities with the dogs.
    Most of the stray dogs in the country cannot be considered as pure stray dogs, especially in villages & rural areas. They are community dogs that depend on people in their immediate vicinity for food & sometimes even for temporary lodging. Therefore the people living in contact with these dogs also tend to inform the TAPA team about the condition of operated dogs if they observe any changes in the wound or the behavior of the dog.

    What is the number of deaths occurred as a result of the surgical procedure? (due to anesthesia, bleeding, or any other surgical complication ).
    So far 7 dogs out of 8000 have died. This means approx. 1 / 1500 dogs. The protocols TAPA uses are the best and most humane, every effort is made to promote welfare and improve life for the dogs.

    How would you assess the success & the effectiveness of the program in an area after a specific time period?
    The authorities no longer kill dogs in the areas where TAPA works, the number of rabies deaths in humans are reduced. The number of dog bites to humans are reduced. Also the community as a whole are more accepting and tolerant of their dogs.

    What are the numbers of human deaths reported Sri Lanka last few years?
    According to the statistics of Health Ministry:
    2001 – 83
    2002 – 64
    2003 – 76
    2004 – 98
    2005 – 55

    Who does TAPA get agreements and permissions from prior to starting work in an area?

    Community leaders
    Municipal council / divisional secretariat
    Medical officer of Health (MOH)
    Public Health Inspector (PHI)
    Police
    (After the clinic the relevant reports are provided to the MOH the PHI)

    Do you think that same day release of dogs after the surgery is successful?
    During the same day release, there’s no need to have animal shelters.
    Dog shelters are also having problems of their own, such as:

    If one dog in the shelter is suffering from an infectious disease it can be transmitted to the other dogs quite easily & can lead to a disease out break. (e.g. parvo, distemper, kennel cough etc..)
    If a lactating bitch is kept in the shelter after the surgery, her pups also should be kept in the same premises for feeding
    The people in the surround area will protest against the shelter because of the noise & the environmental pollution caused by the shelter.
    Keeping dogs in the same premises will cause stress to the dogs and this can delay the healing of the surgical would. On the other hand during the same day release, the dogs are released to their natural habitat on the same day, soon after recovery, therefore these dogs are not under any stress condition after the surgery & the healing process will be more rapid.
    Shelters need vast amounts of money and skilled personnel to work and care for the dogs, TAPA have found releasing in the same day is safe and good welfare for the dogs.

    Also according to the following up results of animals that are released on the same day after surgery, infections are very rare & healing is achieved satisfactorily.

Leave a Reply